(a) Before the toss the umpires shall agree the boundary of the field of play with
both captains. The boundary shall if possible be marked along its whole length.
(b) The boundary shall be agreed so that no part of any sight-screen is within the
field of play.
(c) An obstacle or person within the field of play shall not be regarded as a boundary
unless so decided by the umpires before the toss. See Law 3.4 (To inform captains
2. Defining the boundary – boundary marking
(a) Wherever practicable the boundary shall be marked by means of a white line or
a rope along the ground.
(b) If the boundary is marked by means of a white line,
(i) the inside edge of the line shall be the boundary edge.
(ii) a flag, post or board used merely to highlight the position of a line marked
on the ground must be placed outside the boundary edge and is not itself to be regarded
as defining or marking the boundary. Note, however, the provisions of (c) below.
(c) If a solid object is used to mark the boundary, it must have an edge or a line
to constitute the boundary edge.
(i) For a rope, which includes any similar object of curved cross section, lying
on the ground, the boundary edge will be the line formed by the innermost points
of the rope along its length.
(ii) For a fence, which includes any similar object in contact with the ground but
with a flat surface projecting above the ground, the boundary edge will be the base
line of the fence.
(d) If the boundary edge is not defined as in (b) or (c) above, the umpires and captains
must agree before the toss what line will be the boundary edge. Where there is no
physical marker for a section of boundary, the boundary edge shall be the imaginary
straight line on the ground joining the two nearest marked points of the boundary
(e) If a solid object used to mark the boundary is disturbed for any reason during
play then, if possible, it shall be restored to its original position as soon as
the ball is dead. If it is not possible then,
(i) if some part of the fence or other marker has come within the field of play,
that part shall be removed from the field of play as soon as the ball becomes dead.
(ii) the line where the base of the fence or marker originally stood shall define
the boundary edge.
3. Scoring a boundary
(a) A boundary shall be scored and signalled by the bowler’s end umpire whenever,
while the ball is in play, in his opinion,
(i) the ball touches the boundary, or is grounded beyond the boundary.
(ii) a fielder with some part of his person in contact with the ball, touches the
boundary or has some part of his person grounded beyond the boundary.
(b) The phrases ‘touches the boundary’ and ‘touching the boundary’ shall mean contact
(i) the boundary edge as defined in 2 above or
(ii) any person or obstacle within the field of play which has been designated a
boundary by the umpires before the toss.
(c) The phrase ‘grounded beyond the boundary’ shall mean contact with
(i) any part of a line or solid object marking the boundary except its boundary edge
or (ii) the ground beyond the boundary edge or
(iii) any object in contact with the ground beyond the boundary edge.
4. Ball beyond the boundary
A ball may be caught, subject to the provisions of Law 32, or fielded after it has
crossed the boundary, provided that
(i) the first contact with the ball is by a fielder either with some part of his
person grounded within the boundary, or whose final contact with the ground before
touching the ball was within the boundary.
(ii) neither the ball, nor any fielder in contact with the ball, touches or is grounded
beyond, the boundary at any time during the act of making the catch or of fielding
the ball. The act of making the catch, or of fielding the ball, shall start from
the time when the ball first comes into contact with some part of a fielder’s person
and shall end when a fielder obtains complete control both over the ball and over
his own movement and has no part of his person touching or grounded beyond the boundary.
5. Runs allowed for boundaries
(a) Before the toss, the umpires shall agree with both captains the runs to be allowed
for boundaries. In deciding the allowances, the umpires and captains shall be guided
by the prevailing custom of the ground.
(b) Unless agreed differently under (a) above, the allowances for boundaries shall
be 6 runs if the ball having been struck by the bat pitches beyond the boundary,
but otherwise 4 runs. These allowances shall still apply even though the ball has
previously touched a fielder. See also (c) below.
(c) The ball shall be regarded as pitching beyond the boundary and 6 runs shall be
scored if a fielder
(i) has any part of his person touching the boundary or grounded beyond the boundary
when he catches the ball.
(ii) catches the ball and subsequently touches the boundary or grounds some part
of his person beyond the boundary while carrying the ball but before completing the
catch. See Law 32 (Caught).
6. Runs scored
When a boundary is scored,
(a) any runs for penalties awarded to either side shall be scored.
(b) the batting side, except in the circumstances of 7 below, shall additionally
be awarded whichever is the greater of
(i) the allowance for the boundary
(ii) the runs completed by the batsmen together with the run in progress if they
had already crossed at the instant the boundary is scored.
(c) When the runs in (ii) above exceed the boundary allowance they shall replace
the boundary for the purposes of Law 18.12 (Batsman returning to wicket he has left).
7 Overthrow or wilful act of fielder
If the boundary results from an overthrow or from the wilful act of a fielder the
runs scored shall be
(i) any runs for penalties awarded to either side and
(ii) the allowance for the boundary and
(iii) the runs completed by the batsmen, together with the run in progress if they
had already crossed at the instant of the throw or act. Law 18.12(b) (Batsman returning
to wicket he has left) shall apply as from the instant of the throw or act.
LAW 20 LOST BALL
1. Fielder to call Lost ball
If a ball in play cannot be found or recovered, any fielder may call Lost ball. The
ball shall then become dead. See Law 23.1 (Ball is dead). Law 18.12(b) (Batsman returning
to wicket he has left) shall apply as from the instant of the call.
2. Ball to be replaced
The umpires shall replace the ball with one which has had wear comparable with that
which the previous ball had received before it was lost or became irrecoverable.
See Law 5.5 (Ball lost or becoming unfit for play).
3. Runs scored
(a) Any runs for penalties awarded to either side shall be scored.
(b) The batting side shall additionally be awarded either
(i) the runs completed by the batsmen, together with the run in progress if they
had already crossed at the instant of the call or
(ii) 6 runs, whichever is the greater.
These shall be credited to the striker if the ball has been struck by the bat, but
otherwise to the total of Byes, Leg byes, No balls or Wides as the case may be.
LAW 21 THE RESULT
1. A Win – two innings match
The side which has scored a total of runs in excess of that scored in the two completed
innings of the opposing side shall win the match. See Law12.3 (Completed innings).
Note also 6 below.
2. A Win – one innings match
The side which has scored in its one innings a total of runs in excess of that scored
by the opposing side in its one completed innings shall win the match. See Law12.3
(Completed innings). Note also 6 below.
3. Umpires awarding a match
Notwithstanding any agreement under Law 12.1(b) (Number of innings),
(a) a match shall be lost by a side which either
(i) concedes defeat or
(ii) in the opinion of the umpires refuses to play and the umpires shall award the
match to the other side.
(b) if an umpire considers that an action by any player or players might constitute
a refusal by either side to play then the umpires together shall ascertain the cause
of the action. If they then decide together that this action does constitute a refusal
to play by one side, they shall so inform the captain of that side. If the captain
persists in the action the umpires shall award the match in accordance with (a) above.
(c) if action as in (b) above takes place after play has started and does not constitute
a refusal to play,
(i) playing time lost shall be counted from the start of the action until play recommences,
subject to Law 15.5 (Changing agreed times for intervals).
(ii) the time for close of play on that day shall be extended by this length of time,
subject to Law 3.9 (Suspension of play in dangerous or unreasonable conditions).
(iii) if applicable, no overs shall be deducted during the last hour of the match
solely on account of this time.
4. Matches in which there is an agreement under Law 12.1(b)
For any match in which there is an agreement under Law 12.1(b) (Number of innings),
if the result is not determined in any of the ways stated in 1, 2 or 3 above, then
the result shall be as laid down in that agreement.
5. All other matches – A Tie or Draw
(a) A Tie
The result of a match shall be a Tie when the scores are equal at the conclusion
of play, but only if the side batting last has completed its innings.
(b) A Draw
A match which is concluded as defined Law 16.9 (Conclusion of match), without being
determined in any of the ways stated in (a) above or in 1, 2, or 3, above, shall
count as a Draw.
6. Winning hit or extras
(a) As soon as a result is reached as defined in 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5(a) above, the match
is at an end. Nothing that happens thereafter, except as in Law 42.17(b) (Penalty
runs), shall be regarded as part of it. Note also 9 below.
(b) The side batting last will have scored enough runs to win only if its total of
runs is sufficient without including any runs completed by the batsmen before the
completion of a catch, or the obstruction of a catch, from which the striker could
(c) If a boundary is scored before the batsmen have completed sufficient runs to
win the match, the whole of the boundary allowance shall be credited to the side’s
total and, in the case of a hit by the bat, to the striker’s score.
7. Statement of result
If the side batting last wins the match without losing all its wickets, the result
shall be stated as a win by the number of wickets still then to fall.
If, without having scored a total of runs in excess of the total scored by the opposing
side, the side batting last has lost all its wickets, but as the result of an award
of 5 penalty runs its total of runs is then sufficient to win, the result shall be
stated as a win to that side by Penalty runs.
If the side fielding last wins the match, the result shall be stated as a win by
If the match is decided by one side conceding defeat or refusing to play, the result
shall be stated as Match Conceded or Match Awarded, as the case may be.
8. Correctness of result
Any decision as to the correctness of the scores shall be the responsibility of the
umpires. See Law 3.15 (Correctness of scores).
9. Mistakes in scoring
If, after the players and umpires have left the field in the belief that the match
has been concluded, the umpires discover that a mistake in scoring has occurred which
affects the result then, subject to 10 below, they shall adopt the following procedure.
(a) If, when the players leave the field, the side batting last has not completed
its innings and either
(i) the number of overs to be bowled in the last hour, or in that innings, has not
been completed or
(ii) the agreed time for close of play, or for the end of the innings, has not been
reached then, unless one side concedes defeat, the umpires shall order play to resume.
Unless a result is reached sooner, play will then continue, if conditions permit,
until the prescribed number of overs has been completed and either time for close
of play has been reached or the allotted time for the innings has expired, as appropriate.
The number of overs and time remaining shall be taken as they were at the call of
Time for the supposed conclusion of the match. No account shall be taken of the time
between that moment and the resumption of play.
(b) If, at this call of Time, the overs have been completed and no playing time remains,
or if the side batting last has completed its innings, the umpires shall immediately
inform both captains of the necessary corrections to the scores and to the result.
10. Result not to be changed
Once the umpires have agreed with the scorers the correctness of the scores at the
conclusion of the match – see Laws 3.15 (Correctness of scores) and 4.2 (Correctness
of scores) – the result cannot thereafter be changed.
LAW 22 THE OVER
1. Number of balls
The ball shall be bowled from each end alternately in overs of 6 balls.
2. Start of an over
An over has started when the bowler starts his run up or, if he has no run up, his
action for the first delivery of that over.
3. Validity of balls
(a) A ball shall not count as one of the 6 balls of the over unless it is delivered,
even though, as in Law 42.15 (Bowler attempting to run out non-striker before delivery)
a batsman may be dismissed or some other incident occurs without the ball having
(b) A ball delivered by the bowler shall not count as one of the 6 balls of the over
(i) if it is called dead, or is to be considered dead, before the striker has had
an opportunity to play it. See Law 23.6 (Dead Ball; ball counting as one of over).
(ii) if it is called dead in the circumstances of Law 23.4(b)(vi) (Umpire calling
and signalling Dead ball). Note also the special provisions of Law 23.4(b)(v).
(iii) if it is a No ball. See Law 24 (No ball).
(iv) if it is a Wide. See Law 25 (Wide ball)
(v) when 5 penalty runs are awarded to the batting side under any of Laws 2.6 (Player
returning without permission), 41.2 (Fielding the ball), 42.4 (Deliberate attempt
to distract striker), or 42.5 (Deliberate distraction or obstruction of batsman).
(c) Any deliveries other than those listed in (a) and (b) above shall be known as
Only valid balls shall count towards the 6 balls of the over.
4. Call of Over
When 6 valid balls have been bowled and when the ball becomes dead, the umpire shall
call Over before leaving the wicket. See also Law 23.3 (Call of Over or Time).
5. Umpire miscounting
(a) If the umpire miscounts the number of valid balls, the over as counted by the
(b) If, having miscounted, the umpire allows an over to continue after 6 valid balls
have been bowled, he may subsequently call Over as the ball becomes dead after any
delivery, even if that delivery is not a valid ball.
6. Bowler changing ends
A bowler shall be allowed to change ends as often as desired, provided he does not
bowl two overs consecutively, nor bowl parts of each of two consecutive overs, in
the same innings.
7 Finishing an over
(a) Other than at the end of an innings, a bowler shall finish an over in progress
unless he is incapacitated or is suspended under any of the Laws.
(b) If for any reason, other than the end of an innings, an over is left uncompleted
at the start of an interval or interruption, it shall be completed on resumption
8. Bowler incapacitated or suspended during an over
If for any reason a bowler is incapacitated while running up to deliver the first
ball of an over, or is incapacitated or suspended during an over, the umpire shall
call and signal Dead ball.
Another bowler shall complete the over from the same end, provided that he does not
bowl two overs consecutively, nor bowl parts of each of two consecutive overs, in