(i) The period between close of play on one day and the start of the next day’s play.
(ii) Intervals between innings.
(iii) Intervals for meals.
(iv) Intervals for drinks.
(v) Any other agreed interval.
All these intervals shall be considered as scheduled breaks for the purposes of Law
2.5 (Fielder absent or leaving the field).
2. Agreement of intervals
(a) Before the toss
(i) the hours of play shall be established.
(ii) except as in (b) below, the timing and duration of intervals for meals shall
(iii) the timing and duration of any other interval under 1(v) above shall be agreed.
(b)In a one-day match no specific time need be agreed for the tea interval. It may
be agreed instead to take this interval between innings.
(c) Intervals for drinks may not be taken during the last hour of the match, as defined
in Law 16.6 (Last hour of match – number of overs). Subject to this limitation, the
captains and umpires shall agree the times for such intervals, if any, before the
toss and on each subsequent day not later than 10 minutes before play is scheduled
to start. See also Law 3.3 (Agreement with captains).
3. Duration of intervals
(a) An interval for lunch or tea shall be of the duration agreed under 2(a) above,
taken from the call of Time before the interval until the call of Play on resumption
after the interval.
(b) An interval between innings shall be 10 minutes from the close of an innings
until the call of Play for the start of the next innings, except as in 4, 6 and 7
4. No allowance for interval between innings
In addition to the provisions of 6 and 7 below,
(a) if an innings ends when 10 minutes or less remains before the time agreed for
close of play on any day, there shall be no further play on that day. No change shall
be made to the time for the start of play on the following day on account of the
10 minute interval between innings.
(b) if a captain declares an innings closed during an interruption in play of more
than 10 minutes duration, no adjustment shall be made to the time for resumption
of play on account of the 10 minute interval between innings, which shall be considered
as included in the interruption. Law 10.1(e) (Insufficient time to complete rolling)
(c) if a captain declares an innings closed during any interval other than an interval
for drinks, the interval shall be of the agreed duration and shall be considered
to include the 10 minute interval between innings. Law 10.1(e) (Insufficient time
to complete rolling) shall apply.
5. Changing agreed times of intervals
If, at any time during the match, either playing time is lost through adverse conditions
of ground, weather or light or in exceptional circumstances, or the players have
occasion to leave the field other than at a scheduled interval, the time of the lunch
interval or of the tea interval may be changed if the two umpires and both captains
so agree, providing the requirements of 3 above and 6, 7, 8 and 9(c) below are not
6. Changing agreed time for lunch interval
(a) If an innings ends when 10 minutes or less remains before the agreed time for
lunch, the interval shall be taken immediately. It shall be of the agreed length
and shall be considered to include the 10 minute interval between innings.
(b) If because of adverse conditions of ground, weather or light, or in exceptional
circumstances, a stoppage occurs when 10 minutes or less remains before the agreed
time for lunch, then, notwithstanding 5 above, the interval shall be taken immediately.
It shall be of the agreed length. Play shall resume at the end of this interval or
as soon after as conditions permit.
(c) If the players have occasion to leave the field for any reason when more than
10 minutes remains before the agreed time for lunch then, unless the umpires and
captains together agree to alter it, lunch will be taken at the agreed time.
7. Changing agreed time for tea interval
(a) (i) If an innings ends when 30 minutes or less remains before the agreed time
for tea, the interval shall be taken immediately. It shall be of the agreed length
and shall be considered to include the 10 minute interval between innings.
(ii) If, when 30 minutes remains before the agreed time for tea, an interval between
innings is already in progress, play will resume at the end of the 10 minute interval,
if conditions permit.
(b) (i) If, because of adverse conditions of ground, weather or light, or in exceptional
circumstances, a stoppage occurs when 30 minutes or less remains before the agreed
time for tea, then unless either there is an agreement to change the time for tea,
as permitted in 5 above or the captains agree to forgo the tea interval, as permitted
in 10 below the interval shall be taken immediately. The interval shall be of the
agreed length. Play shall resume at the end of the interval or as soon after as conditions
(ii) If a stoppage is already in progress when 30 minutes remains before the agreed
time for tea, 5 above will apply.
8. Tea interval – 9 wickets down
If either 9 wickets are already down when 2 minutes remains to the agreed time for
tea, or the 9th wicket falls within this 2 minutes, or at any time up to and including
the final ball of the over in progress at the agreed time for tea,
then, notwithstanding the provisions of Law 16.5(b) (Completion of an over), tea
will not be taken until the end of the over that is in progress 30 minutes after
the originally agreed time for tea, unless the players have cause to leave the field
of play or the innings is completed earlier.
For the purposes of this section of Law, the retirement of a batsman is not to be
considered equivalent to the fall of a wicket.
9. Intervals for drinks
(a) If on any day the captains agree that there shall be intervals for drinks, the
option to take such drinks shall be available to either side. Each interval shall
be kept as short as possible and in any case shall not exceed 5 minutes.
(b) Unless, as permitted in 10 below, the captains agree to forgo it, a drinks interval
shall be taken at the end of the over in progress when the agreed time is reached.
If, however, a wicket falls or a batsman retires within 5 minutes of the agreed time
then drinks shall be taken immediately.
No other variation in the timing of drinks intervals shall be permitted except as
provided for in (c) below.
(c) If an innings ends or the players have to leave the field of play for any other
reason within 30 minutes of the agreed time for a drinks interval, the umpires and
captains together may rearrange the timing of drinks intervals in that session.
10. Agreement to forgo intervals
At any time during the match, the captains may agree to forgo the tea interval or
any of the drinks intervals. The umpires shall be informed of the decision.
When play is in progress, the batsmen at the wicket may deputise for their captain
in making an agreement to forgo a drinks interval in that session.
11. Scorers to be informed
The umpires shall ensure that the scorers are informed of all agreements about hours
of play and intervals and of any changes made thereto as permitted under this Law.
LAW 16 START OF PLAY; CESSATION OF PLAY
1. Call of Play
The bowler’s end umpire shall call Play at the start of the match and on the resumption
of play after any interval or interruption.
2. Call of Time
The bowler’s end umpire shall call Time when the ball is dead on the cessation of
play before any interval or interruption and at the conclusion of the match. See
Laws 23.3 (Call of Over or Time) and 27 (Appeals).
3. Removal of bails
After the call of Time, the bails shall be removed from both wickets.
4. Starting a new over
Another over shall always be started at any time during the match, unless an interval
is to be taken in the circumstances set out in 5 below, if, walking at his normal
pace, the umpire has arrived at his position behind the stumps at the bowler’s end
before the time agreed for the next interval, or for the close of play, has been
5. Completion of an over
Other than at the end of the match,
(a) if the agreed time for an interval is reached during an over, the over shall
be completed before the interval is taken, except as provided for in (b) below
(b) when less than 2 minutes remains before the time agreed for the next interval,
the interval will be taken immediately if either
(i) a batsman is dismissed or retires or
(ii) the players have occasion to leave the field whether this occurs during an over
or at the end of an over. Except at the end of an innings, if an over is thus interrupted
it shall be completed on the resumption of play.
6. Last hour of match – number of overs
When one hour of playing time of the match remains, according to the agreed hours
of play, the over in progress shall be completed. The next over shall be the first
of a minimum of 20 overs which must be bowled, provided that a result is not reached
earlier and provided that there is no interval or interruption in play.
The bowler’s end umpire shall indicate the commencement of this 20 overs to the players
and to the scorers. The period of play thereafter shall be referred to as the last
hour, whatever its actual duration.
7. Last hour of match – interruptions of play
If there is an interruption in play during the last hour of the match, the minimum
number of overs to be bowled shall be reduced from 20 as follows.
(a) The time lost for an interruption is counted from the call of Time until the
time for resumption as decided by the umpires.
(b) One over shall be deducted for every complete 3 minutes of time lost.
(c) In the case of more than one such interruption, the minutes lost shall not be
aggregated; the calculation shall be made for each interruption separately.
(d) If, when one hour of playing time remains, an interruption is already in progress
(i) only the time lost after this moment shall be counted in the calculation
(ii) the over in progress at the start of the interruption shall be completed on
resumption and shall not count as one of the minimum number of overs to be bowled.
(e) If, after the start of the last hour, an interruption occurs during an over,
the over shall be completed on resumption of play. The two part-overs shall between
them count as one over of the minimum number to be bowled.
8. Last hour of match – intervals between innings
If an innings ends so that a new innings is to be started during the last hour of
the match, the interval starts with the end of the innings and is to end 10 minutes
(a) If this interval is already in progress at the start of the last hour then, to
determine the number of overs to be bowled in the new innings, calculations are to
be made as set out in 7 above.
(b) If the innings ends after the last hour has started, two calculations are to
be made, as set out in (c) and (d) below. The greater of the numbers yielded by these
two calculations is to be the minimum number of overs to be bowled in the new innings.
(c) Calculation based on overs remaining.
(i) At the conclusion of the innings, the number of overs that remain to be bowled,
of the minimum in the last hour, to be noted.
(ii) If this is not a whole number it is to be rounded up to the next whole number.
(iii) Three overs, for the interval, to be deducted from the resulting number to
determine the number of overs still to be bowled.
(d) Calculation based on time remaining.
(i) At the conclusion of the innings, the time remaining until the agreed time for
close of play to be noted.
(ii) 10 minutes, for the interval, to be deducted from this time to determine the
playing time remaining.
(iii) A calculation to be made of one over for every complete 3 minutes of the playing
time remaining, plus one more over if a further part of 3 minutes remains.
9. Conclusion of match
The match is concluded
(a) as soon as a result as defined in sections 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5(a) of Law 21 (The
result) is reached.
(b) as soon as both
(i) the minimum number of overs for the last hour are completed and
(ii) the agreed time for close of play is reached unless a result is reached earlier.
(c) in the case of an agreement under Law 12.1(b) (Number of innings), as soon as
the final innings is completed as defined in Law 12.3(e) (Completed innings).
(d) if, without the match being concluded, either as in (a) or in (b) or in (c) above,
the players leave the field for adverse conditions of ground, weather or light, or
in exceptional circumstances, and no further play is possible.
10. Completion of last over of match
The over in progress at the close of play on the final day shall be completed unless
(i) a result has been reached or
(ii) the players have occasion to leave the field. In this case there shall be no
resumption of play except in the circumstances of Law 21.9 (Mistakes in scoring)
and the match shall be at an end.
11. Bowler unable to complete an over during last hour of match
If, for any reason, a bowler is unable to complete an over during the last hour,
Law 22.8 (Bowler incapacitated or suspended during an over) shall apply. The separate
parts of such an over shall count as one over of the minimum to be bowled.
LAW 17 PRACTICE ON THE FIELD
1. Practice on the pitch
There shall be no practice of any kind, at any time on any day of the match, on the
pitch or on either of the two strips parallel and immediately adjacent to the pitch,
one on either side of it, each of the same dimensions as the pitch.
2. Practice on the rest of the square
There shall be no practice of any kind on any other part of the square on any day
of the match, except before the start of play or after the close of play on that
day. Practice before the start of play
(a) must not continue later than 30 minutes before the scheduled time or any rescheduled
time for play to start on that day.
(b) shall not be allowed if the umpires consider that it will significantly impair
the surface of the square.
3. Practice on the outfield
(a) All forms of practice are permitted on the outfield before the start of play
or after the close of play on any day or during the lunch and tea intervals or between
innings providing the umpires are satisfied that such practice will not cause significant
deterioration in the condition of the outfield,
Such practice must not continue later than 5 minutes before the time for play to
commence or to resume.
(b) Between the call of Play and the call of Time
(i) no one may participate in practice of any kind on the field of play, even from
outside the boundary, except the fielders as defined in Appendix D and the batsmen
at the wicket. Any player involved in practice contravening this Law shall be considered
to have himself contravened the Law and will be subject to the penalty in 4 below.
(ii) there shall be no bowling or batting practice on the outfield. Bowling a ball,
using arm action only, to a player in the outfield is not to be regarded as bowling
practice but shall be subject to (b)(iii) and (c) below. However, a bowler deliberately
bowling a ball thus on to the ground will contravene Law 42.3 (The match ball – changing
(iii) other practice shall be permitted, subject to the restriction in (i) and (ii)
above, either at the fall of a wicket.or during other gaps in play for legitimate
activities, such as adjustment of the sight-screen.
(c) (i) Practice at the fall of a wicket must cease as soon as the incoming batsman
steps on to the square.
(ii) Practice during other legitimate gaps in play must not continue beyond the minimum
time required for the activity causing the gap in play.
If these time restrictions are not observed, umpires shall apply the procedures of
Law 42.9 (Time wasting by the fielding side).
4. Penalty for contravention
If a player contravenes 1, 2, 3(b)(i) or 3(b)(ii) above, he shall not be allowed
to bowl until either at least one hour has elapsed or there has been at least 30
minutes of playing time since the contravention, whichever is sooner.
If the contravention is by the bowler during an over, he shall not be allowed to
complete that over. It shall be completed by another bowler, who shall neither have
bowled any part of the previous over nor be allowed to bowl any part of the next
5. Trial run up
A bowler is permitted to have a trial run up subject to the provisions of 3 and 4
LAW 18 SCORING RUNS
1. A run
The score shall be reckoned by runs. A run is scored
(a) so often as the batsmen, at any time while the ball is in play, have crossed
and made good their ground from end to end.
(b) when a boundary is scored. See Law 19 (Boundaries).
(c) when penalty runs are awarded. See 6 below.
(d) when Lost ball is called. See Law 20 (Lost ball).
2. Runs disallowed
Notwithstanding 1 above, or any other provisions elsewhere in these Laws, the scoring
of runs or awarding of penalties will be subject to any provisions that may be applicable,
for the disallowance of runs or for the non-award of penalties.
3. Short runs
(a) A run is short if a batsman fails to make good his ground in turning for a further
(b) Although a short run shortens the succeeding one, the latter if completed shall
not be regarded as short. A striker setting off for his first run from in front of
his popping crease may do so also without penalty.
4. Unintentional short runs
Except in the circumstances of 5 below,
(a) if either batsman runs a short run, the umpire concerned shall, unless a boundary
is scored, call and signal Short run as soon as the ball becomes dead and that run
shall not be scored.
(b) if, after either or both batsmen run short, a boundary is scored the umpire concerned
shall disregard the short running and shall not call or signal Short run.
(c) if both batsmen run short in one and the same run, this shall be regarded as
only one short run.
(d) if more than one run is short then, subject to (b) and (c) above, all runs so
called shall not be scored.
If there has been more than one short run, the umpire shall inform the scorers as
to the number of runs to be recorded.
5. Deliberate short runs
(a) Notwithstanding 4 above, if either umpire considers that either or both batsmen
deliberately run short at his end, the umpire concerned shall, when the ball is dead,
inform the other umpire of what has occurred. The bowler’s end umpire shall then
(i) warn both batsmen that the practice is unfair and indicate that this is a first
and final warning. This warning shall apply throughout the innings. The umpire shall
so inform each incoming batsman.
(ii) whether a batsman is dismissed or not, disallow all runs to the batting side
from that delivery other than any runs awarded for penalties.
(iii) return the batsmen to their original ends.
(iv) inform the captain of the fielding side and, as soon as practicable, the captain
of the batting side of the reason for this action.
(v) inform the scorers as to the number of runs to be recorded.
(b) If there is any further instance of deliberate short running by any batsman in
that innings, the umpire concerned shall, when the ball is dead, inform the other
umpire of what has occurred and the procedure set out in (a) (ii), (iii) and (iv)
above shall be repeated.
Additionally the bowler’s end umpire shall
(i) award 5 penalty runs to the fielding side
(ii) inform the scorers as to the number of runs to be recorded
(iii) together with the other umpire report the occurrence as soon as possible after
the match to the Executive of the batting side and to any Governing Body responsible
for the match, who shall take such action as is considered appropriate against the
captain and the player or players concerned.
6. Runs awarded for penalties
Runs shall be awarded for penalties under 5 above and Laws 2.6 (Player returning
without permission), 24 (No ball), 25 (Wide ball), 41.2 (Fielding the ball), 41.3
(Protective helmets belonging to the fielding side), and 42 (Fair and unfair play).
7. Runs scored for boundaries
Runs shall be scored for boundary allowances under Law 19 (Boundaries).
8. Runs scored for Lost ball
Runs shall be scored when Lost ball is called under Law 20 (Lost ball).
9. Runs scored when a batsman is dismissed
When a batsman is dismissed, any runs for penalties awarded to either side shall
stand. No other runs shall be credited to the batting side, except as follows.
If a batsman is
(a) dismissed Handled the ball, the batting side shall also score the runs completed
before the offence.
(b) dismissed Obstructing the field, the batting side shall also score the runs completed
before the offence.
If, however, the obstruction prevented a catch from being made, no runs other than
penalties shall be scored.
(c) dismissed Run out, the batting side shall also score the runs completed before
the wicket was put down.
If, however, a striker who has a runner is himself dismissed Run out, no runs other
than penalties shall be scored. See Law 2.8 (Transgression of the Laws by a batsman
who has a runner).
10. Runs scored when the ball becomes dead other than at the fall of a wicket
When the ball becomes dead for any reason other than the fall of a wicket, or is
called dead by an umpire, unless there is specific provision otherwise in the Laws,
(a) any runs for penalties awarded to either side shall be scored. Note, however,
the provisions of Laws 26.3 (Leg byes not to be awarded) and 41.4 (Penalty runs not
(b) additionally the batting side shall be credited with
(i) all runs completed by the batsmen before the incident or call and
ii) the run in progress if the batsmen had already crossed at the instant of the
incident or call. Note specifically, however, the provisions of Laws 34.4(c) (Runs
scored from ball lawfully struck more than once) and 42.5(f) (Deliberate distraction
or obstruction of batsman).
11. Batsman returning to original end
(a) When a batsman is dismissed, the not out batsman shall return to his original
(i) if the striker is himself Run out in the circumstances of Law 2.8(c) (Transgression
of the Laws by a batsman who has a runner).
(ii) for all other methods of dismissal other than those in 12(a) below.
(b) Other than at the fall of a wicket, the batsmen shall return to their original
ends in the cases of, and only in the cases of,
(i) a boundary.
(ii) disallowance of runs for any reason.
(iii) a decision by the batsmen at the wicket to do so under Law 42.5(g) (Deliberate
distraction or obstruction of batsman).
12. Batsman returning to wicket he has left
(a) When a batsman is dismissed
(i) Caught, Handled the ball or Obstructing the field,
(ii) Run out other than as in 11(a) above, the not out batsman shall return to the
wicket he has left, but only if the batsmen had not already crossed at the instant
of the incident causing the dismissal.
(b) Except in the cases of 11(b) above, if while a run is in progress the ball becomes
dead for any reason other than the dismissal of a batsman, or is called dead by an
umpire, the batsmen shall return to the wickets they had left, but only if they had
not already crossed in running when the ball became dead.